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'''Holden''', formally known as '''General Motors Holden''', is an Australian automobile importer and a former automobile manufacturer with its headquarters in Port Melbourne, Victoria. The company was founded in 1856 as a saddlery manufacturer in South Australia. In 1908 it moved into the automotive field, becoming a subsidiary of the United States-based General Motors (GM) in 1931, when the company was renamed '''General Motors-Holden's Ltd'''. It was renamed '''Holden Ltd''' in 1998, and '''General Motors Holden''' in 2005. Holden sells the remaining stock of the locally produced range of Holden Commodore|Commodore vehicles, and imported GM models. Holden has offered Badge engineering|badge engineered models in sharing arrangements with Chevrolet, Isuzu, Nissan, Opel, Suzuki, Toyota and Vauxhall Motors. In 2013 the vehicle lineup consisted of models from GM Korea, GM...
TypePrivately held company|Private
FoundationAdelaide, South Australia {{Start date and age|1856}}
FounderJames Alexander Holden
(original firm)
Edward Holden|Sir Edward Holden
(automobile division)
Location cityPort Melbourne, Victoria
Location countryAustralia
Area servedAustralia
Key peopleMark Bernhard
(Chairman and Chief executive officer|Managing director)
IndustryAutomotive industry|Automotive
ProductsAutomotive engines
Num employees2,900 (December 2013)
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